Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (2023)

  • Article


At this time, AAD client authentication and the Managed Identity Token Service are mutually incompatible on Linux.

For clusters running on Azure, Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is recommended to secure access to management endpoints. This article describes how to setup Azure AD to authenticate clients for a Service Fabric cluster.

On Linux, you must complete the following steps before you create the cluster. On Windows, you also have the option to configure Azure AD authentication for an existing cluster.

In this article, the term "application" will be used to refer to Azure Active Directory applications, not Service Fabric applications; the distinction will be made where necessary. Azure AD enables organizations (known as tenants) to manage user access to applications.

A Service Fabric cluster offers several entry points to its management functionality, including the web-based Service Fabric Explorer and Visual Studio. As a result, you will create two Azure AD applications to control access to the cluster: one web application and one native application. After the applications are created, you will assign users to read-only and admin roles.


At this time, Service Fabric doesn't support Azure AD authentication for storage.


(Video) How to use Microsoft Identity (Azure AD) to Authenticate Your Users

It is a known issue that applications and nodes on Linux AAD-enabled clusters cannot be viewed in Azure Portal.


Azure Active Directory now requires an application (app registration) publishers domain to be verified or use of default scheme. See Configure an application's publisher domain and AppId Uri in single tenant applications will require use of default scheme or verified domains for additional information.


In this article, we assume that you have already created a tenant. If you have not, start by reading How to get an Azure Active Directory tenant.To simplify some of the steps involved in configuring Azure AD with a Service Fabric cluster, we have created a set of Windows PowerShell scripts. Some actions require administrative level access to Azure AD. If script errors with 401/403 'Authorization_RequestDenied', an administrator will need to execute script.

  1. Authenticate with Azure administrative permissions.
  2. Clone the repo to your computer.
  3. Ensure you have all prerequisites for the scripts installed.

Create Azure AD applications and assign users to roles

We'll use the scripts to create two Azure AD applications to control access to the cluster: one web application and one native application. After you create applications to represent your cluster, you'll create users for the roles supported by Service Fabric: read-only and admin.


Run SetupApplications.ps1 and provide the tenant ID, cluster name, web application URI, and web application reply URL as parameters. Use -remove to remove the app registrations. Using -logFile <log file path> will generate a transcript log. See script help (help .\setupApplications.ps1 -full) for additional information. The script creates the web and native applications to represent your Service Fabric cluster. The two new app registration entries will be in the following format:

  • ClusterName_Cluster
  • ClusterName_Client


For national clouds (for example Azure Government, Azure China), you should also specify the -Location parameter.


  • tenantId: You can find your TenantId by executing the PowerShell command Get-AzureSubscription. Executing this command displays the TenantId for every subscription.

  • clusterName: ClusterName is used to prefix the Azure AD applications that are created by the script. It does not need to match the actual cluster name exactly. It is intended only to make it easier to map Azure AD artifacts to the Service Fabric cluster that they're being used with.

  • webApplicationReplyUrl: WebApplicationReplyUrl is the default endpoint that Azure AD returns to your users after they finish signing in. Set this endpoint as the Service Fabric Explorer endpoint for your cluster. If you are creating Azure AD applications to represent an existing cluster, make sure this URL matches your existing cluster's endpoint. If you are creating applications for a new cluster, plan the endpoint your cluster will have and make sure not to use the endpoint of an existing cluster. By default the Service Fabric Explorer endpoint is: https://<cluster_domain>:19080/Explorer

  • webApplicationUri: WebApplicationUri is either the URI of a 'verified domain' or URI using API scheme format of api://{{tenant Id}}/{{cluster name}}. See AppId Uri in single tenant applications will require use of default scheme or verified domains for additional information.

    (Video) Asp.Net Core Web Application Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Authentication

    Example API scheme: api://0e3d2646-78b3-4711-b8be-74a381d9890c/mysftestcluster

SetupApplications.ps1 example

# if using cloud shell# cd clouddrive # git clone cd service-fabric-aad-helpers# code .$tenantId = '0e3d2646-78b3-4711-b8be-74a381d9890c'$clusterName = 'mysftestcluster'$webApplicationReplyUrl = '' # <--- client browser redirect url#$webApplicationUri = '' # <--- must be verified domain due to AAD changes$webApplicationUri = "api://$tenantId/$clusterName" # <--- does not have to be verified domain$configObj = .\SetupApplications.ps1 -TenantId $tenantId ` -ClusterName $clusterName ` -WebApplicationReplyUrl $webApplicationReplyUrl ` -AddResourceAccess ` -WebApplicationUri $webApplicationUri ` -Verbose

The script outputs $configObj variable for subsequent commands and prints the JSON required by the Azure Resource Manager template. Copy the JSON output and use when creating or modifying existing cluster create your Azure AD enabled cluster.

SetupApplications.ps1 example output

Name Value---- -----WebAppId f263fd84-ec9e-44c0-a419-673b1b9fd345TenantId 0e3d2646-78b3-4711-b8be-74a381d9890cServicePrincipalId 3d10f55b-1876-4a62-87db-189bfc54a9f2NativeClientAppId b22cc0e2-7c4e-480c-89f5-25f768ecb439-----ARM template-----"azureActiveDirectory": { "tenantId":"0e3d2646-78b3-4711-b8be-74a381d9890c", "clusterApplication":"f263fd84-ec9e-44c0-a419-673b1b9fd345", "clientApplication":"b22cc0e2-7c4e-480c-89f5-25f768ecb439"},

azureActiveDirectory parameters object JSON

"azureActiveDirectory": { "tenantId":"<guid>", "clusterApplication":"<guid>", "clientApplication":"<guid>"},


SetupUser.ps1 is used to add user accounts to the newly created app registration using $configObj output variable from above. Specify username for user account to be configured with app registration and specify 'isAdmin' for administrative permissions. If the user account is new, provide the temporary password for the new user as well. The password will need to be changed on first logon. Using '-remove', will remove the user account not just the app registration.

SetupUser.ps1 user (read) example

.\SetupUser.ps1 -ConfigObj $configobj ` -UserName 'TestUser' ` -Password 'P@ssword!123' ` -Verbose

SetupUser.ps1 admin (read/write) example

.\SetupUser.ps1 -ConfigObj $configobj ` -UserName 'TestAdmin' ` -Password 'P@ssword!123' ` -IsAdmin ` -Verbose


SetupClusterResource.ps1 can optionally be used to export existing cluster resource ARM template, add / modify 'azureActiveDirectory' configuration, and redeploy template. Use '-Whatif' to only export and modify template but not redeploy configuration change. This script does require Azure 'Az' module and name of the resource group for cluster.

SetupClusterResource.ps1 -whatIf example

# requires azure module 'az'# install-module az$resourceGroupName = 'mysftestcluster'.\SetupClusterResource.ps1 -configObj $configObj ` -resourceGroupName $resourceGroupName ` -WhatIf

Once template has been verified and is ready to process, either rerun script without '-WhatIf' or use powershell commandlet 'New-AzResourceGroupDeployment' to deploy template.

SetupClusterResource.ps1 example

$resourceGroupName = 'mysftestcluster'.\SetupClusterResource.ps1 -configObj $configObj ` -resourceGroupName $resourceGroupName


Update cluster provisioning ARM templates or scripts with new cluster resource Azure AD configuration changes.

Granting admin consent

It may be necessary to 'Grant admin consent' for the 'API permissions' being configured. Navigate to Azure App registrations blade and add name of cluster to the filter. For both registrations, open 'API permissions', and select 'Grant admin consent for' if available.

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (1)

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (2)

Verifying Azure AD Configuration

Navigate to the Service Fabric Explorer (SFX) URL. This should be the same as the parameter webApplicationReplyUrl. An Azure authentication dialog should be displayed. Log on with an account configured with the new Azure AD configuration. Verify that the administrator account has read/write access and that the user has read access. Any modification to the cluster, for example, performing an action, is an administrative action.

Troubleshooting help in setting up Azure Active Directory

Setting up Azure AD and using it can be challenging, so here are some pointers on what you can do to debug the issue. PowerShell transcript logging can be enabled by using the '-logFile' argument on 'SetupApplications.ps1' and 'SetupUser.ps1' scripts to review output.


With migration of Identities platforms (ADAL to MSAL), deprecation of AzureRM in favor of Azure AZ, and supporting multiple versions of PowerShell, dependencies may not always be correct or up to date causing errors in script execution. Running PowerShell commands and scripts from Azure Cloud Shell reduces the potential for errors with session auto authentication and managed identity.

(Video) Demo: Azure AD Authentication for Azure SQL | Azure SQL for beginners (Ep. 25)

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (3)



Not a valid reference update. Http status code: 400.

VERBOSE: POST with 157-byte payloadVERBOSE: received -byte response of content type application/json>> TerminatingError(Invoke-WebRequest): "{"error":{"code":"Request_BadRequest","message":"Not a valid reference update.","innerError":{"date":"2022-09-11T22:17:16","request-id":"61fadb2a-478b-4483-8f23-d17e13732104","client-request-id":"61fadb2a-478b-4483-8f23-d17e13732104"}}}"confirm-graphApiRetry returning:TrueVERBOSE: invoke-graphApiCall status: 400exception:Response status code does not indicate success: 400 (Bad Request).Invoke-WebRequest: /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/Common.ps1:239Line | 239 | … $result = Invoke-WebRequest $uri -Method $method -Headers $headers … | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ | {"error":{"code":"Request_BadRequest","message":"Not a valid reference update.","innerError":{"date":"2022-09-11T22:17:16","request-id":"61fadb2a-478b-4483-8f23-d17e13732104","client-request-id":"61fadb2a-478b-4483-8f23-d17e13732104"}}}at invoke-graphApiCall, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/Common.ps1: line 239at invoke-graphApi, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/Common.ps1: line 275at add-roleAssignment, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupUser.ps1: line 193at add-user, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupUser.ps1: line 244at enable-AADUser, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupUser.ps1: line 178at main, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupUser.ps1: line 136at <ScriptBlock>, /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupUser.ps1: line 378at <ScriptBlock>, /home/<user>/clouddrive/aad-test.ps1: line 43at <ScriptBlock>, <No file>: line 1WARNING: invoke-graphApiCall response status: 400invoke-graphApi count:0 statuscode:400 -uri -headers System.Collections.Hashtable -body System.Collections.Hashtable -method postconfirm-graphApiRetry returning:True


Configuration changes have not propagated. Scripts will retry on certain requests with HTTP status codes 400 and 404.


Scripts will retry on certain requests with HTTP status codes 400 and 404 upto provided '-timeoutMin' which is by default 5 minutes. Script can be re-executed as needed.

Service Fabric Explorer prompts you to select a certificate


After you sign in successfully to Azure AD in Service Fabric Explorer, the browser returns to the home page but a message prompts you to select a certificate.

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (4)


The user is not assigned a role in the Azure AD cluster application. Thus, Azure AD authentication fails on Service Fabric cluster. Service Fabric Explorer falls back to certificate authentication.


Follow the instructions for setting up Azure AD, and assign user roles. Also, we recommend that you turn on "User assignment required to access app," as SetupApplications.ps1 does.

Connection with PowerShell fails with an error: "The specified credentials are invalid"


When you use PowerShell to connect to the cluster by using "AzureActiveDirectory" security mode, after you sign in successfully to Azure AD, the connection fails with an error: "The specified credentials are invalid."


This solution is the same as the preceding one.

Service Fabric Explorer returns a failure when you sign in: "AADSTS50011"


When you try to sign in to Azure AD in Service Fabric Explorer, the page returns a failure: "AADSTS50011: The reply address <url> does not match the reply addresses configured for the application: <guid>."

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (5)

(Video) AZ-900 Episode 25 | Azure Identity Services | Authentication, Authorization & Active Directory (AD)


The cluster (web) application that represents Service Fabric Explorer attempts to authenticate against Azure AD, and as part of the request it provides the redirect return URL. But the URL is not listed in the Azure AD application REPLY URL list.


On the Azure AD app registration page for your cluster, select Authentication, and under the Redirect URIs section, add the Service Fabric Explorer URL to the list. Save your change.

Set up Azure Active Directory for client authentication - Azure Service Fabric (6)

Connecting to the cluster using Azure AD authentication via PowerShell gives an error when you sign in: "AADSTS50011"


When you try to connect to a Service Fabric cluster using Azure AD via PowerShell, the sign-in page returns a failure: "AADSTS50011: The reply url specified in the request does not match the reply urls configured for the application: <guid>."


Similar to the preceding issue, PowerShell attempts to authenticate against Azure AD, which provides a redirect URL that isn't listed in the Azure AD application Reply URLs list.


Use the same process as in the preceding issue, but the URL must be set to urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob, a special redirect for command-line authentication.

Execution of script results in error in Authorization error


PowerShell script may fail to perform all of the REST commands required to complete Azure AD configuration with error "Authorization_RequestDenied","Insufficient privileges to complete the operation". Example error:

Invoke-WebRequest: /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/Common.ps1:239Line | 239 | … $result = Invoke-WebRequest $uri -Method $method -Headers $headers … | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ | {"error":{"code":"Authorization_RequestDenied","message":"Insufficient privileges to complete the | operation.","innerError":{"date":"2022-08-29T14:46:37","request-id":"c4fd3acc-1558-4950-8028-68bb058f7bf0","client-request-id":"c4fd3acc-1558-4950-8028-68bb058f7bf0"}}}...invoke-graphApi count:0 statuscode:403 -uri -headers System.Collections.Hashtable -body System.Collections.Hashtable -method postWrite-Error: /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupApplications.ps1:364Line | 364 | assert-notNull $result "aad app service principal oauth permissio … | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ | aad app service principal oauth permissions User.Read configuration failedWrite-Error: /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/SetupApplications.ps1:656Line | 656 | main | ~~~~ | exception: exception: assertion failure: object: message:aad app service principal oauth permissions User.Read configuration failed Exception: | /home/<user>/clouddrive/service-fabric-aad-helpers/Common.ps1:22 Line | 22 | throw "assertion failure: object:$obj message:$msg" | | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ | assertion failure: object: message:aad app service principal oauth permissions User.Read configuration failed ...


This error is returned when the user account executing the script doesn't have the permissions to perform the REST call. This can occur if the user doesn't have Administrator/Manage/Write permissions for the objects being created or modified.


Work with an Administrator of Azure tenant/Azure Active Directory to complete all remaining actions. The scripts provided are idempotent so can be re-executed to complete the process.

Connect the cluster by using Azure AD authentication via PowerShell

To connect the Service Fabric cluster, use the following PowerShell command example:

Connect-ServiceFabricCluster -ConnectionEndpoint <endpoint> -KeepAliveIntervalInSec 10 -AzureActiveDirectory -ServerCertThumbprint <thumbprint>

To learn more, see Connect-ServiceFabricCluster cmdlet.

Can I reuse the same Azure AD tenant in multiple clusters?

Yes. But remember to add the URL of Service Fabric Explorer to your cluster (web) application. Otherwise, Service Fabric Explorer doesn’t work.

Why do I still need a server certificate while Azure AD is enabled?

FabricClient and FabricGateway perform a mutual authentication. During Azure AD authentication, Azure AD integration provides a client identity to the server, and the server certificate is used by the client to verify the server's identity. For more information about Service Fabric certificates, see X.509 certificates and Service Fabric.

Next steps

After setting up Azure Active Directory applications and setting roles for users, configure and deploy a cluster.

(Video) API Authentication with OAuth using Azure AD


How do I set up Azure AD authentication? ›

Configure client apps to access your App Service
  1. From the portal menu, select Azure Active Directory.
  2. From the left navigation, select App registrations > New registration.
  3. In the Register an application page, enter a Name for your app registration.
  4. Select Register.

Which one controls client access to your service fabric cluster? ›

When a client connects to a Service Fabric cluster node, the client can be authenticated and secure communication established using certificate security or Azure Active Directory (AAD). This authentication ensures that only authorized users can access the cluster and deployed applications and perform management tasks.

How do I add Azure AD authentication to Azure function? ›

On your Function App, click Authentication. Click Add provider to initiate the process of adding a new identity provider. Select Microsoft from the list of identity providers. Select Create new app registration to create a new application for the function in Azure AD.

How do I connect to Azure service fabric? ›

To connect to a Service Fabric cluster, you need the clusters management endpoint (FQDN/IP) and the HTTP management endpoint port (19080 by default). For example Use the "Connect to localhost" checkbox to connect to a local cluster on your workstation.

Which three authentication methods can Azure AD users use? ›

Available verification methods
  • Microsoft Authenticator.
  • Authenticator Lite (in Outlook)
  • Windows Hello for Business.
  • FIDO2 security key.
  • OATH hardware token (preview)
  • OATH software token.
  • SMS.
  • Voice call.
Mar 14, 2023

How do I connect to service Fabric cluster? ›

Use Azure portal
  1. Navigate to your cluster resource by searching for Service Fabric and selecting "Service Fabric managed clusters"
  2. Select your cluster.
  3. In this experience you can view and modify certain parameters. For more information see the cluster configuration options available.
Jul 14, 2022

How to configure secure connection service Fabric? ›

It is these values and variables that we will be discussing below.
  1. Step 1: Get the DNS name of your Service Fabric cluster. ...
  2. Step 2: Generate the client certificate. ...
  3. Step 3: Install the client certificate. ...
  4. Step 4: Configure and run a deployment step. ...
  5. Connection troubleshooting. ...
  6. Learn more.

How do I connect to local service Fabric cluster? ›

The Connect-ServiceFabricCluster cmdlet creates a connection to a standalone Service Fabric cluster that allows you to run management actions for that cluster. After you connect to a cluster, you can view the settings of the connection by using the Get-ServiceFabricClusterConnection cmdlet.

How authentication works in Azure Active Directory? ›

Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication works by requiring two or more of the following authentication methods: Something you know, typically a password. Something you have, such as a trusted device that is not easily duplicated, like a phone or hardware key. Something you are - biometrics like a fingerprint or face scan.

How authentication happens in Azure Active Directory? ›

User authentication happens when the user presents credentials to Azure AD or to some identity provider that federates with Azure AD, such as Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS). The user gets back a security token. That token can be presented to the Azure Data Explorer service.

How to enable Basic authentication in Azure Active Directory? ›

Basic Authentication Sign-in Log in Azure AD
  1. Open the Azure Portal;
  2. Go to the Azure Active Directory -> Sign-in logs;
  3. Select the date range Last 1 month;
  4. Add filter by field Client App;
  5. Select all Legacy Authentication Clients for this filter.
Sep 29, 2021

Which platform is used by Azure service Fabric? ›

Service Fabric is an open source project and it powers core Azure infrastructure as well as other Microsoft services such as Skype for Business, Intune, Azure Event Hubs, Azure Data Factory, Azure Cosmos DB, Azure SQL Database, Dynamics 365, and Cortana.

What is Microsoft Azure service Fabric? ›

Azure Service Fabric is a distributed systems platform that makes it easy to package, deploy, and manage scalable and reliable microservices and containers. Service Fabric also addresses the significant challenges in developing and managing cloud native applications.

How do I deploy an application in Azure service Fabric? ›

Deploy the app to the Service Fabric cluster
  1. Open Visual Studio.
  2. Select File > Open.
  3. Navigate to the folder you cloned the git repository to, and select Voting.sln.
  4. Right-click on the Voting application project in the Solution Explorer and choose Publish.
Jul 15, 2022

Is Azure AD used for authentication and authorization? ›

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is a centralized identity provider in the cloud. Delegating authentication and authorization to it enables scenarios such as: Conditional Access policies that require a user to be in a specific location. Multi-Factor Authentication which requires a user to have a specific device.

Which authentication service options work with Active Directory? ›

Active Directory authentication is a process that supports two standards: Kerberos and Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP).
  • Kerberos protocol. In a Kerberos-based AD authentication, users only log in once to gain access to enterprise resources. ...
  • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.
May 10, 2022

How to setup Active Directory for MFA? ›

In the Azure portal, search for and select Azure Active Directory, and then select Users. Select Per-user MFA. Under multi-factor authentication at the top of the page, select service settings. On the service settings page, under verification options, select or clear the appropriate checkboxes.

What is the difference between Active Directory and Azure Active Directory? ›

AD vs Azure AD Summary

AD is great at managing traditional on-premise infrastructure and applications. Azure AD is great at managing user access to cloud applications. You can use both together, or if you want to have a purely cloud based environment you can just use Azure AD.

What is the difference between authorization and authentication Active Directory? ›

Authentication and authorization are two vital information security processes that administrators use to protect systems and information. Authentication verifies the identity of a user or service, and authorization determines their access rights.

Which of the following supports Azure Active Directory authentication? ›

Azure AD supports several standardized protocols for authentication and authorization, including SAML 2.0, OpenID Connect, OAuth 2.0, and WS-Federation.

What ports does service Fabric require? ›

The Service Fabric resource provider requires publicly accessible inbound access to the HTTP gateway port (port 19080, by default) on the management endpoint. Service Fabric Explorer uses the management endpoint to manage your cluster.

Is service Fabric cluster a shared pool of applications? ›

Service Fabric itself is a shared pool of servers known as the Service Fabric Cluster. The cluster is made up of multiple nodes that host distributed microservices, those being stateful or stateless.

How do I create a service Fabric service? ›

Launch Visual Studio as an Administrator. Click File > New Project > Cloud > Service Fabric Application. Name the application and click OK.
Create the application
  1. Publish Profiles: Used to manage tooling preferences for different environments.
  2. Scripts: A PowerShell script for deploying/upgrading your application.

How many nodes can be maintained on a service fabric cluster? ›

A single Service Fabric node type/scale set can not contain more than 100 nodes/VMs. To scale a cluster beyond 100 nodes, add additional node types.

How do I create a certificate for service fabric cluster? ›

Adding client certificates - Admin or Read-Only via portal
  1. Navigate to the Security section, and select the '+ Authentication' button on top of the security section.
  2. On the 'Add Authentication' section, choose the 'Authentication Type' - 'Read-only client' or 'Admin client'
  3. Now choose the Authorization method.
Apr 13, 2023

How to install Azure Service Fabric SDK? ›

Deploy an application
  1. Launch a new PowerShell window as an administrator.
  2. Import the Service Fabric SDK PowerShell module. ...
  3. Create a directory to store the application that you will download and deploy, such as c:\ServiceFabric. ...
  4. Download the WordCount application from here to the location you created.

What is the DNS name of service Fabric cluster? ›

When the upgrade completes, the DNS system service starts running in your cluster. The service name is fabric:/System/DnsService , and you can find it under the System service section in Service Fabric explorer.

What is service Fabric remoting? ›

ServiceFabric. Services. Remoting. Runtime namespace contains the extension method CreateServiceRemotingInstanceListeners for both stateless and stateful services that can be used to create a remoting listener by using the default remoting transport protocol.

Does service Fabric use IIS? ›

Service Fabric service hosting

Traditional ASP.NET (up to MVC 5) is tightly coupled to IIS through System.

What are the default authentication methods for Azure AD? ›

Authentication methods

Security defaults users are required to register for and use Azure AD Multifactor Authentication using the Microsoft Authenticator app using notifications. Users may use verification codes from the Microsoft Authenticator app but can only register using the notification option.

What is the default authentication method for Active Directory? ›

Active Directory uses Kerberos version 5 as authentication protocol in order to provide authentication between server and client.

What are the three types of authentication? ›

Authentication factors can be classified into three groups: something you know: a password or personal identification number (PIN); something you have: a token, such as bank card; something you are: biometrics, such as fingerprints and voice recognition.

How to enable Basic authentication in the client configuration? ›

  1. Enable the basic authentication for the client. From the command prompt, enter the following command: winrm set winrm/config/client/auth @{Basic="true"}
  2. Run the command: winrm get winrm/config/client/Auth to confirm that Basic = true.
Mar 15, 2022

Is Azure service Fabric still relevant? ›

Service Fabric is definitely not dying. In fact, it's evolving. The other thing is, it's evolution is not as public as other alternatives, but there are reasons for it. First of all, SF came out of Microsoft as it's internal product.

Is service Fabric still relevant? ›

Today, we are announcing the retirement of Azure Service Fabric Mesh. We will continue to support existing deployments until April 28th, 2021, however new deployments will no longer be permitted through the Service Fabric Mesh API.

What is the difference between Azure service Fabric and AKS? ›

When comparing AKS vs. Service Fabric, the biggest difference between the two is that AKS only works with Docker-first applications using Kubernetes. Service Fabric is geared toward microservices and supports a number of different runtime strategies. Service Fabric can deploy Docker and Windows Server containers.

What is the difference between Azure functions and service Fabric? ›

Azure Functions are tiny. Service Fabric, and App Services have focused on deploying complete services. An Azure Function is really just a method call. As result a complete microservice may actually be made up of a collection of Azure Functions.

What is the difference between cloud service and service Fabric? ›

Service Fabric itself is an application platform layer that runs on Windows or Linux, whereas Cloud Services is a system for deploying Azure-managed VMs with workloads attached. The Service Fabric application model has a number of advantages: Fast deployment times. Creating VM instances can be time consuming.

What is the difference between service Fabric and service Fabric mesh? ›

Service Fabric Mesh provides Docker Container Engine while Service Fabric provides Service Fabric Runtime. It looks like Service Fabric Mesh is completely different from Service Fabric because one hosts Docker images and the other Service Fabric Applications but both services share the same orchestration layer.

Does Azure service fabric use Docker? ›

Service Fabric supports the deployment of Docker containers on Linux, and Windows Server containers on Windows Server 2016 and later, along with support for Hyper-V isolation mode.

What type of application architecture is Azure service fabric made for? ›

This reference architecture shows a microservices architecture deployed to Azure Service Fabric. It shows a basic cluster configuration that can be the starting point for most deployments.

Which kind of service oriented architecture is Azure service fabric? ›

Azure Service Fabric is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) offering designed to facilitate the development, deployment and management of highly scalable and customizable applications for the Microsoft Azure cloud platform.

How do I enable basic authentication in Azure AD? ›

You can enable Basic Auth support for a tenant from the Azure portal (Azure Active Directory -> Properties -> Manage Security defaults -> Enable Security defaults = No). Note a number of options under Allow access to basic authentication protocols.

What is the authentication mode for Azure AD? ›

Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) adds additional security over only using a password when a user signs in. The user can be prompted for additional forms of authentication, such as to respond to a push notification, enter a code from a software or hardware token, or respond to an SMS or phone call.

How does Azure AD authentication work? ›

The user enters their password into the Azure AD sign in page, and then selects the Sign in button. Azure AD, on receiving the request to sign in, places the username and password (encrypted by using the public key of the Authentication Agents) in a queue.

How do I enable modern authentication in Azure AD? ›

Enable Modern authentication for your organization

However, you need to make sure your Office 365 subscription is enabled for ADAL, or modern authentication. To enable modern authentication, from the admin center, select Settings > Settings and then in the Services tab, choose Modern authentication from the list.

How to enable basic authentication in the client configuration? ›

  1. Enable the basic authentication for the client. From the command prompt, enter the following command: winrm set winrm/config/client/auth @{Basic="true"}
  2. Run the command: winrm get winrm/config/client/Auth to confirm that Basic = true.
Mar 15, 2022

Does Azure AD require authentication? ›

Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication works by requiring two or more of the following authentication methods: Something you know, typically a password. Something you have, such as a trusted device that is not easily duplicated, like a phone or hardware key. Something you are - biometrics like a fingerprint or face scan.

What is the difference between modern authentication and basic authentication? ›

Modern authentication, which is based on ADAL (Active Directory Authentication Library) and OAuth 2.0, offers a more secure method of authentication. To put it in simple terms, basic authentication requires each app, service or add-in to pass credentials – login and password – with each request.

What are the 4 types of authentication? ›

The most common authentication methods are Password Authentication Protocol (PAP), Authentication Token, Symmetric-Key Authentication, and Biometric Authentication.

How does Active Directory differ from Azure AD authentication? ›

Credentials in Active Directory are based on passwords, certificate authentication, and smartcard authentication. Passwords are managed using password policies that are based on password length, expiry, and complexity. Azure AD uses intelligent password protection for cloud and on-premises.

How do I enable modern authentication on client? ›

In the Microsoft 365 admin center, go to Settings > Org Settings > Modern Authentication.

How do I know if MFA is enabled in Azure AD? ›

View the status for a user
  1. Sign in to the Azure portal as a Global administrator.
  2. Search for and select Azure Active Directory, then select Users > All users.
  3. Select Per-user MFA.
  4. A new page opens that displays the user state, as shown in the following example.
Mar 15, 2023


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